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extglob

Extended glob support for JavaScript. Adds (almost) the expressive power of regular expressions to glob patterns.

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Extended glob support for JavaScript. Adds (almost) the expressive power of regular expressions to glob patterns.

Install

Install with npm:

$ npm install --save extglob
  • Convert an extglob string to a regex-compatible string.
  • More complete (and correct) support than minimatch (minimatch fails a large percentage of the extglob tests)
  • Handles negation patterns
  • Handles nested patterns
  • Organized code base, easy to maintain and make changes when edge cases arise
  • As you can see by the benchmarks, extglob doesn't pay with speed for it's completeness, accuracy and quality.

Heads up!: This library only supports extglobs, to handle full glob patterns and other extended globbing features use micromatch instead.

Usage

The main export is a function that takes a string and options, and returns an object with the parsed AST and the compiled .output, which is a regex-compatible string that can be used for matching.

var extglob = require('extglob');
console.log(extglob('!(xyz)*.js'));

Extglob cheatsheet

Extended globbing patterns can be defined as follows (as described by the bash man page):

pattern regex equivalent description
?(pattern-list) `(... ...)?` Matches zero or one occurrence of the given pattern(s)
*(pattern-list) `(... ...)*` Matches zero or more occurrences of the given pattern(s)
+(pattern-list) `(... ...)+` Matches one or more occurrences of the given pattern(s)
@(pattern-list) `(... ...)` [1] Matches one of the given pattern(s)
!(pattern-list) N/A Matches anything except one of the given pattern(s)

API

extglob

Convert the given extglob pattern into a regex-compatible string. Returns an object with the compiled result and the parsed AST.

Example

var extglob = require('extglob');
console.log(extglob('*.!(*a)'));
//=> '(?!\\.)[^/]*?\\.(?!(?!\\.)[^/]*?a\\b).*?'

Params

  • pattern {String}
  • options {Object}
  • returns {String}

.match

Takes an array of strings and an extglob pattern and returns a new array that contains only the strings that match the pattern.

Example

var extglob = require('extglob');
console.log(extglob.match(['a.a', 'a.b', 'a.c'], '*.!(*a)'));
//=> ['a.b', 'a.c']

Params

  • list {Array}: Array of strings to match
  • pattern {String}: Extglob pattern
  • options {Object}
  • returns {Array}: Returns an array of matches

.isMatch

Returns true if the specified string matches the given extglob pattern.

Example

var extglob = require('extglob');

console.log(extglob.isMatch('a.a', '*.!(*a)'));
//=> false
console.log(extglob.isMatch('a.b', '*.!(*a)'));
//=> true

Params

  • string {String}: String to match
  • pattern {String}: Extglob pattern
  • options {String}
  • returns {Boolean}

.contains

Returns true if the given string contains the given pattern. Similar to .isMatch but the pattern can match any part of the string.

Example

var extglob = require('extglob');
console.log(extglob.contains('aa/bb/cc', '*b'));
//=> true
console.log(extglob.contains('aa/bb/cc', '*d'));
//=> false

Params

  • str {String}: The string to match.
  • pattern {String}: Glob pattern to use for matching.
  • options {Object}
  • returns {Boolean}: Returns true if the patter matches any part of str.

.matcher

Takes an extglob pattern and returns a matcher function. The returned function takes the string to match as its only argument.

Example

var extglob = require('extglob');
var isMatch = extglob.matcher('*.!(*a)');

console.log(isMatch('a.a'));
//=> false
console.log(isMatch('a.b'));
//=> true

Params

  • pattern {String}: Extglob pattern
  • options {String}
  • returns {Boolean}

.create

Convert the given extglob pattern into a regex-compatible string. Returns an object with the compiled result and the parsed AST.

Example

var extglob = require('extglob');
console.log(extglob.create('*.!(*a)').output);
//=> '(?!\\.)[^/]*?\\.(?!(?!\\.)[^/]*?a\\b).*?'

Params

  • str {String}
  • options {Object}
  • returns {String}

.makeRe

Create a regular expression from the given pattern and options.

Example

var extglob = require('extglob');
var re = extglob.makeRe('*.!(*a)');
console.log(re);
//=> /^[^\/]*?\.(?![^\/]*?a)[^\/]*?$/

Params

  • pattern {String}: The pattern to convert to regex.
  • options {Object}
  • returns {RegExp}

Options

Available options are based on the options from Bash (and the option names used in bash).

options.nullglob

Type: boolean

Default: undefined

When enabled, the pattern itself will be returned when no matches are found.

options.nonull

Alias for options.nullglob, included for parity with minimatch.

options.cache

Type: boolean

Default: undefined

Functions are memoized based on the given glob patterns and options. Disable memoization by setting options.cache to false.

options.failglob

Type: boolean

Default: undefined

Throw an error is no matches are found.

Benchmarks

Last run on October 20, 2016

Benchmarking: (5 of 5)
 · negation-nested
 · negation-simple
 · range-false
 · range-true
 · star-simple

# benchmark/fixtures/isMatch/negation-nested.js (49 bytes)
  extglob x 1,988,591 ops/sec ±1.18% (84 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 73,335 ops/sec ±1.38% (84 runs sampled)

  fastest is extglob

# benchmark/fixtures/isMatch/negation-simple.js (43 bytes)
  extglob x 2,320,380 ops/sec ±1.71% (86 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 122,947 ops/sec ±1.28% (86 runs sampled)

  fastest is extglob

# benchmark/fixtures/isMatch/range-false.js (56 bytes)
  extglob x 1,729,572 ops/sec ±1.22% (84 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 112,566 ops/sec ±1.26% (85 runs sampled)

  fastest is extglob

# benchmark/fixtures/isMatch/range-true.js (56 bytes)
  extglob x 1,819,085 ops/sec ±1.28% (83 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 115,153 ops/sec ±1.50% (85 runs sampled)

  fastest is extglob

# benchmark/fixtures/isMatch/star-simple.js (46 bytes)
  extglob x 1,970,063 ops/sec ±1.46% (83 runs sampled)
  minimatch x 138,805 ops/sec ±1.31% (87 runs sampled)

  fastest is extglob

Differences from Bash

This library has complete parity with Bash 4.3 with only a couple of minor differences.

  • In some cases Bash returns true if the given string "contains" the pattern, whereas this library returns true if the string is an exact match for the pattern. You can relax this by setting options.contains to true.
  • This library is more accurate than Bash and thus does not fail some of the tests that Bash 4.3 still lists as failing in their unit tests

About

  • braces: Fastest brace expansion for node.js, with the most complete support for the Bash 4.3 braces… more | homepage
  • expand-brackets: Expand POSIX bracket expressions (character classes) in glob patterns. | homepage
  • expand-range: Fast, bash-like range expansion. Expand a range of numbers or letters, uppercase or lowercase. See… more | homepage
  • fill-range: Fill in a range of numbers or letters, optionally passing an increment or step to… more | homepage
  • micromatch: Glob matching for javascript/node.js. A drop-in replacement and faster alternative to minimatch and multimatch. | homepage

Contributing

Pull requests and stars are always welcome. For bugs and feature requests, please create an issue.

Contributors

Commits Contributor
32 jonschlinkert
2 isiahmeadows
1 shinnn

Building docs

(This document was generated by verb-generate-readme (a verb generator), please don't edit the readme directly. Any changes to the readme must be made in .verb.md.)

To generate the readme and API documentation with verb:

$ npm install -g verb verb-generate-readme && verb

Running tests

Install dev dependencies:

$ npm install -d && npm test

Author

Jon Schlinkert

License

Copyright © 2016, Jon Schlinkert. Released under the MIT license.


This file was generated by verb-generate-readme, v0.2.0, on October 20, 2016.


  1. @ isn't a RegEx character.
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